The concept of Mutual Fund works on pooling resources with one common objective in mind. In other words, a Mutual Fund is made up of money that is pooled together by a large number of investors. Their Money is given to a professional Fund Manager to invest in a basket of stocks and other financial instruments such as bonds/commodities according to specific investment objectives that have been established for the fund.
Mutual funds are becoming the most popular investment vehicles offering various kinds of schemes with different investment objectives. Investments through Mutual funds are one of the safest, easiest and convenient ways of making successful investments. The investments are in congruence to the laid down investment objectives securing the goals & objectives of the unit holders.
SIP - Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) is an investment vehicle offered by mutual funds to investors, allowing them to invest small amounts periodically instead of lump sums. The frequency of investment is usually weekly, monthly or quarterly
Lumpsum- A lump sum amount is defined as a single complete sum of money. A lump sum investment is of the entire amount at one go. For example, if an investor is willing to invest the entire amount available with him in a mutual fund, it will refer to as lump sum mutual fund investment.
Growth funds: Under these schemes, money is invested primarily in equity stocks with the purpose of providing capital appreciation. They are considered to be risky funds ideal for investors with a long-term investment timeline. Since they are risky funds they are also ideal for those who are looking for higher returns on their investments. Income funds: Under these schemes, money is invested primarily in fixed-income instruments e.g. bonds, debentures etc. with the purpose of providing capital protection and regular income to investors.
Liquid funds: Under these schemes, money is invested primarily in short-term or very short-term instruments e.g. T-Bills, CPs etc. with the purpose of providing liquidity. They are considered to be low on risk with moderate returns and are ideal for investors with short-term investment timelines.
Tax-Saving Funds (ELSS):These are funds that invest primarily in equity shares. Investments made in these funds qualify for deductions under the Income Tax Act. They are considered high on risk but also offer high returns if the fund performs well.
Capital Protection Funds: These are funds where funds are are split between investment in fixed income instruments and equity markets. This is done to ensure protection of the principal that has been invested.
Fixed Maturity Funds: Fixed maturity funds are those in which the assets are invested in debt and money market instruments where the maturity date is either the same as that of the fund or earlier than it.
Pension Funds: Pension funds are mutual funds that are invested in with a really long term goal in mind. They are primarily meant to provide regular returns around the time that the investor is ready to retire. The investments in such a fund may be split between equities and debt markets where equities act as the risky part of the investment providing higher return and debt markets balance the risk and provide lower but steady returns. The returns from these funds can be taken in lump sums, as a pension or a combination of the two.